Cottontail rabbits are tiny little things, ranging in size from 15.5 to 18.75 inches, and weighing as little as 28 ounces -- although boys can weigh as much as 54 ounces. Tiny desert cottontail. Desert cottontail rabbits are herbivorous and bulk of their daily diet consists of wide range of plants. NAME: Desert Cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii). Cottontails feed on grasses and green plants, during the spring and summer and on bark and twigs during the fall and winter months. Life is good. Desert Cottontails (Sylvilagus audubonii) are 12-inch-long rabbits that are preyed upon by many other animals including coyotes, bob-cats, hawks, owls, and snakes. Three species of cottontail occur in Arizona: the mountain cottontail, eastern cottontail, and desert cottontail. Eastern cottontail rabbits reside throughout the eastern United States and parts of Canada and Mexico. Sexual maturity is achieved by the age of three months. up to 7 years. The cottontail bunny is a midsize rabbit and a herbivore, and female cottontails average three to four litters per year. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. National Science Foundation Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other in They will also eat some fruits, nuts, and vegetables when available. "Sylvilagus audubonii" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Length: 5:25. Average lifespan Status: captivity 7.8 years AnAge; Behavior. They are associated with human-wildlife conflict due to vegetation damage. A desert bunny's lifespan is pitifully short, on average. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, the most common is the eastern cottontail. They may occur in the same areas as black-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus californicus). Nests are built at night, in brush or among dense vegetation on the forest floor. For more information, call (757) 825-4657. The Dessert Cottontail (scientific name Sylvilagus audubonii), which is also frequently known as Audobon’s Cottontail, is found throughout much of North America, being specifically common in Baja California (Mexico, Central Nevada, and Western Texas. These pear-shaped burrows are lined with dried grasses and filled with rabbit fur in anticipation of baby cottontails. 1978. Indeed, their vegetarian diet keeps desert cottontails relatively small, although they can grow up to 17 inches in length and weigh up to 3 pounds. The desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii), also known as Audubon's cottontail, is a New World cottontail rabbit, and a member of the family Leporidae.. The breeding season is from December or January until the late summer. The desert cottontail is quite similar in appearance to the European rabbit, though its ears are larger and are more often carried erect. Mia. I have a pet rabbit (of the European species, Oryctolagus cuniculus) now winding down to the end of his life -- probably this week, sadly -- at the advanced age of 11 or 12. Cottontail rabbits are tiny little things, ranging in size from 15.5 to 18.75 inches, and weighing as little as 28 ounces -- although boys can weigh as much as 54 ounces. They are associated with human-wildlife conflict due to vegetation damage. Common Name: Desert cottontail. Excellent sound for any predator, any region, and any time of … It was a rabbit that hopped and was very similar to those of today, but with smaller ears and a longer tail. Given the right climate, Desert Cottontails can breed year round. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico. This Lifespan Diet The average life span of an eastern cottontail in the wild is usually less than three years. The young are born hairless and blind after a gestation period of about a month. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. The desert doesn't repay this kindness too generously. Behavior Cottontail rabbits are hunted by many predators, so they only live two to three years in the wild. This is sometimes educational yet sometimes humorous, offering a warning and story of the desert Cottontail rabbit. Manage My Subscriptions, archive  Before giving birth, a mother cottontail makes a nest by digging a depression in the ground about 5 inches wide and 4 inches deep. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Average lifespan Status: captivity 7.8 years AnAge; Behavior. This process is called caprophagy. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. Desert Cottontail Though cottontails are prolific breeders, they often have a lifespan of less than two years in the wild. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. She feeds her young only once per day, by crouching over the nest to let them nurse. The hard and brown pellets are formed from fully digested plant materials, while the soft and green pellets are only partially digested materials. Although cottontails are highly active sexually, and mated pairs have multiple litters throughout the year, few you… Topics Mean life span < 3 years: Sexual maturity: 2-3 months: smaller species reach puberty earlier than larger species: Gestation: 25-31 days: Litter size: 1-7 (average 3-4) Birth weight: 23-33 g: Eyes open: Day 4-5: Gestation: 25-31 days: Litter size: 1-6 (average 2) Weaning age: 6-8 weeks: Emerge from nest ˜ Day 14: Weaning age: Day 16-22: Independent: Week 7-8 Hind feet are large and average three inches long. Wild rabbits are lucky if they reach a quarter that age. 5 and a half minutes of desert cottontail distress. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. The desert doesn't repay this kindness too generously. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. The rabbits are most active in the early morning and in the evening, and they spend much of the remainder of the day under cover. In South America it includes the scrub ecotone between forest and paramo. She lines the depression with grass and fur from her body, then adds a covering of twigs and leaves. Explore one of the largest Mammal Longevity Databases in the World. The desert cottontail can be found in the southwest from California east to Texas and from northern Montana south to Mexico. These rabbits eat almost exclusively grass (of various species). As a prey animal, they must always be on alert for predators. She may bear twenty to thirty young in four to five litters. any personal information to the agency. Content of this site copyright Texas Parks and Wildlife Department unless otherwise noted. angelo Nov 7, 2017 @ 12:03pm you dont. The desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii), also known as Audubon's cottontail, is a New World cottontail rabbit, and a member of the family Leporidae.Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. In dune areas vegetation is also sparse and conditions are dry. The "desert cottontail" , also known as "Audubon's cottontail", is a New World cottontail rabbit, and a member of the family Leporidae. desert cottontail rabbits inside the desert dome (sylvilagus audubonii) - desert cottontail stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Desert Cottontails reach sexual maturity at 3 months old. When not feeding, individuals live in heavy brush, brambles, or holes in order to hide from their many predators (coyotes, foxes, badgers, bobcats, hawks, etc.). Cottontails may live up to two years in the wild. The desert cottontail is born in a nest lined with grass and with fur which the mother pulls from her belly. The eastern cottontails I grew up with look strange now when I go back to Chicago, their stubby little ears seemingly out of proportion to their bodies. Female cottontails can breed at 3 months of … They run in a zig-zag pattern, at about 15 miles per hour. It was six times the size of the four-pound cottontails of today, had smaller eyes and ears, dug for its food and didn’t hop. An area with a dense population of desert cottontails could be negatively impacted by their consumption of vegetation. Home range size varies but is generally about 8 acres. The desert portion of our name comes from our distribution across arid lands of the American Southwest and the Plains States. Desert Cottontails are light colored rabbits of the western U.S. whose fur has shades of tan to gray with a yellowish undertone. Life Span: 1-3 years Description: The adult desert cottontail is light colored, tan to gray, with a yellowish tinge. Desert cottontails are not gregarious, but occasionally females have been seen feeding near one another without aggression. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. In captivity, though, a cottontail rabbit can live up to eight years. Lifespan/Longevity. Nests are built at night, in brush or among dense vegetation on the forest floor. Diet The desert cottontail eats … Desert Cottontails take refuge in other animal's burrows as well as in their own scratched-out depressions. We are named after our tail which is shaped like a cotton ball. Female desert cottontails are slightly larger than males, weighing an average of 988 g while the average male weight is 841 g. For females, total length is about 385 mm, length of hind foot is 90 mm, and ear length is 73 mm. The desert cottontail is quite similar in appearance to the European rabbit, though its ears are larger and are more often carried erect. having the capacity to move from one place to another. An adaptation of the desert cottontail which makes it easier for it to survive in its Chapman, J.A., and G.R. Classification, To cite this page: Prior to this study, population dynamics of this species in urban environments remained largely uncharacterized. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. The average life span of an eastern cottontail in the wild is usually less than three years. A wild population of eastern cottontails typically contains a large number of individuals aged one year Cottontails are small game mammals called such because of the cotton ball-like characteristic of its dark and white furred tail. MORTALITY RATES OF COTTONTAIL RABBITS' Rexford D. Lord, Jr.2 Illinois Natural History Survey and Department of Conservation, Urbana, Illinois ... though their potential life span is probably about 10 years (Lord, in press). Cottontails may live up to two years in the wild. It is a light gray-brown in color, with almost white fur on the belly. Preyed upon by everything from snakes to coyotes to owls, most cottontails are killed within their first year. Weight. Wild rabbits are lucky if they reach a quarter that age. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. Interestingly, desert cottontails don't require much water and often survive on quick drinks of morning dew or water from the plants they eat. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), body parts are source of valuable material, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. This species is not threatened, although cattle grazing can affect its abundance. Males' measurements are similar. Cottontail Distress. Of all the desert-dwelling mammals, the desert cottontail is probably the one you will see most frequently. Subspecies Subspecies of the Desert Cottontail are: Sylvilagus audubonii arizonae Sylvilagus audubonii audubonii Sylvilagus audubonii baileyi Sylvilagus audubonii confinis Disclaimer: in deserts low (less than 30 cm per year) and unpredictable rainfall results in landscapes dominated by plants and animals adapted to aridity. Cottontails deposit two kinds of fecal pellets. It’s so unlike other rab… This species is found mainly in arid regions, giving it the common name desert cottontail. May be maintained by periodic fire. A female builds a nest by digging a hole in the ground about 20 cm deep, then lining it with grass and fur. They prefer eating grass and green vegetation but in deserts they mostly rely on eating cactus, as it is a plant that not only helps these rabbits to satisfy their hunger, it also helps in restoring water in the body. Both sexes have the bushy white "cotton" tail. Underpalts, Including the throat and undersides of the tail, are white. Family: Leporidae. Nov 7, 2017 @ 9:36am Wagon Lifespan Question The lifespan of a wagon just goes down; so how do you repair it or level the wagon up? Predators Predators of Desert Cottontails include humans, foxes, coyotes, bobcats, mustelids, owls and birds of prey. The underside of the body is whitish. Cottontail rabbits play important roles in their ecosystems. It sports a white or light brown … OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. Predators Predators of Desert Cottontails include humans, foxes, coyotes, bobcats, mustelids, owls and birds of prey. Home range size varies but is generally about 8 acres. The winter diet includes small grains, as well as twigs, bark, and buds of shrubs and trees. young are born in a relatively underdeveloped state; they are unable to feed or care for themselves or locomote independently for a period of time after birth/hatching. < > Showing 1-9 of 9 comments . Herbivore. This species is somewhat less fecund than are others in the genus; desert cottontails produce only about 5 litters per year. Desert Cottontails reach sexual maturity at 3 months old. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. The young are born hairless and blind after a gestation period of about a month. This material is based upon work supported by the A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Children under 13 years of age must have a parent/guardian's consent before providing Cottontail rabbits eat a wide variety of plant foods including grasses, sedges, sprouts, leaves, fruits, buds, and bark. Rabbits must reingest these soft pellets to extract the full nutritional value from their food. Ciszek, D. 1999. The desert cottontail known as Audubon's cottontail, is a New World cottontail rabbit, a member of the family Leporidae.Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. Eastern cottontail rabbits reside throughout the eastern United States and parts of Canada and Mexico. Non-repeat and full of all the good stuff. The cottontail bunny is a midsize rabbit and a herbivore, and female cottontails average three to four litters per year. Accessed December 14, 2020 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Sylvilagus_audubonii/. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. Breeding. ... the desert cottontail. [8] Daily activity is usually restricted to 10% to 20% of the overall home range. Lifespan. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. desert cottontail Sylvilagus audobonii Mesquite thickets on valley floor. The desert cottontail survives by living in the desert and arid or dry shrubland where there are plenty of bushes to hide in. Desert Cottontail facts and information: Sylvilagus audubonii. Marsh rabbit. Habitat The desert cottontail can be found in woodlands, grasslands, creosote brush and desert areas. living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. The oldest complete rabbit fossil, found in 2008 in India, dates back 53 million years to the Eocene Epoch. They have excellent vision, hearing and sense of smell. Lifespan The lifespan of a cottontail averages about two years, depending on the location. This species can be found throughout much of southwestern North America, from northern Montana down to central Mexico, and as far west as the Pacific coast. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. The antelope jackrabbit inhabits the drier areas of the desert, including creosote bush flats, mesquite grassland, and cactus plains into and beyond southern Sonora. Cottontails may live up to two years in the wild. Unfortunately for the cottontail, almost every local carnivore larger or faster than the lagomorph is its predator. Gestation lasts only 28 days, and litters are made up of about three young. Their eyes open by day 10, and they leave the nest at the age of just under two weeks. In captivity, they have been known to live for as long as 10 years. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. Desert Cottontails may raise two or more litters a year with one to six young in each litter. Subspecies Subspecies of the Desert Cottontail are: Sylvilagus audubonii arizonae Sylvilagus audubonii audubonii Sylvilagus audubonii baileyi Sylvilagus audubonii confinis The desert cottontail is found throughout the Sonoran Desert, especially in thick, brushy habitat with plenty of hiding places. Convergent in birds. In the wild, they live for 3-4 years. Search in feature The smallest of these weighing 22-30 ounces is the relatively short-eared mountain cottontail. No, cottontail rabbits do not live in the desert. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. 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